Treatments & Care at NCH

Health Library

     
Print-Friendly
Bookmarks

Sputum fungal smear

KOH test; Fungal smear - sputum; Fungal wet prep; Wet prep - fungal

A sputum fungal smear is a laboratory test that looks for fungus in a sputum sample. Sputum is the material that comes up from air passages when you cough deeply.

How the Test is Performed

A sputum sample is needed. You will be asked to cough deeply and spit any material that comes up from your lungs into a special container.

The sample is sent to a lab and examined under a microscope.

How to Prepare for the Test

There is no special preparation.

How the Test will Feel

There is no discomfort.

Why the Test is Performed

Your health care provider may order this test if you have symptoms or signs of a lung infection, such as if you have a weakened immune system due to certain medicines or diseases such as cancer or HIV/AIDS.

Normal Results

A normal (negative) result means no fungus was seen in the test sample.

Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.

What Abnormal Results Mean

Abnormal results may be a sign of a fungal infection. Such infections include:

Risks

There are no risks associated with a sputum fungal smear.

References

Banaei N, Deresinski SC, Pinsky BA. Microbiologic diagnosis of lung infection. In: Broaddus VC, Ernst JD, King TE, et al, eds. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 19.

Saullo JL, Alexander BD. Fungal infections: opportunistic. In: Broaddus VC, King TE, Ernst JD, et al, eds. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 57.

BACK TO TOP

    • Sputum test

      Sputum test

      illustration

    • Fungus

      Fungus

      illustration

      • Sputum test

        Sputum test

        illustration

      • Fungus

        Fungus

        illustration

      Tests for Sputum fungal smear

       
       

      Review Date: 11/23/2021

      Reviewed By: Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Associate Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

      The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., a business unit of Ebix, Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
      © 1997- adam.comAll rights reserved.

       
       
       

       

       

      A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.